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The Functional Movement System
The Functional Movement System has three distinct parts for assessing how well a person moves and functions.
The first is the Functional Movement Screen (FMS). The FMS is designed for individuals that don’t have pain but want to find out how well their body functions especially before participating in sports or as a “discharge” test after recovering from pain or an injury. In fact, the FMS is used in many sports programs as part of a “Pre-participation” functional test that can be used as a baseline as the athletic season progresses. It is one of the best tools especially in young athletes starting at 10 years old and can be utilized in any sport.
The FMS is comprised of seven tests designed to determine how well you move and stabilize. The first purpose of the FMS is to determine if you are at risk for injury before you undertake a sport or exercise program. If there are problems with movement or stabilization, a corrective exercise strategy can be prescribed that are specific for your unique needs and allows for an individualized approach to an exercise program.
You don’t need to be a professional athlete to benefit from the Functional Movement Screen. Any athlete, novice exerciser, or weekend warrior would benefit from what has been “field” tested in professional sports. In addition, if pain is discovered during the FMS, treatment and correction is needed before an exercise program or participation in sports begins.
For patients or athletes that have pain, the second component of the Functional Movement System is the Selective Functional Movement Assessment or SFMA. This assessment also includes specific movements that help the sports doctor determine what movement pattern or postural issue is causing or contributing to pain. This is an extremely effective tool to determine the source of painful problems versus simply chasing symptoms without fixing the problem. Often, a combination of chiropractic care, soft tissue work/massage and corrective exercise are used as a powerful approach to corrective care.
The third component of the Functional Movement System is the Y Balance Test(Y-BT). The Y-BT is an important tool in rehabilitation, especially after surgery, of the knee, hip, ankle or shoulder.
The Functional Movement System is utilized not only in the NFL but most every major professional sport. Several college football programs including Michigan and Notre Dame use all or part of the Functional Movement System. Titleist Performance Institute uses the FMS as part of their program for golf assessment and excellence for amateur and professional golfers. Branches of the United States Military are utilizing the FMS for prevention and treatment of service members.
There is ongoing research that currently supports the effectiveness in injury prevention for the FMS in sports and in military studies.
Important Notice: These exercises are for demonstration only and are not designed for everyone. Exercise, like any therapy, is not without its risks. These, or any other exercise programs, may result in pain or injury. To reduce your risk of injury, consult your chiropractor, medical doctor, or physical therapist before beginning this exercise program. The advice shown is not intended as a substitute for a medical consultation and Robert H.George, D.C. disclaims any liability from and in connection with these exercise demonstrations. With any exercise program, caution and safety are essential and if you feel faint, dizzy, or have any physical discomfort, you should stop immediately and consult a physician. And, if you are pregnant, do not attempt any exercise program without consulting your physician.